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Anatomy of the Hand and Wrist

The hand and wrist are intricate structures composed of numerous bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles that work together to facilitate a wide range of movements and functions:

  • Bones: The hand and wrist contain 27 bones, including the carpal bones (wrist), metacarpal bones (hand), and phalanges (fingers).
  • Joints: Several joints allow for the flexibility and dexterity of the hand and wrist.
  • Ligaments: Ligaments connect bones to other bones, providing stability to the joints.
  • Tendons: Tendons attach muscles to bones, enabling movement.
  • Muscles: Numerous small muscles in the hand and forearm control fine motor skills and grip strength.
  • Nerves: Major nerves, such as the median nerve in the carpal tunnel, provide sensation and motor control.

Common Causes of Hand & Wrist Pain

Hand and wrist pain can result from various conditions, injuries, and overuse. Some of the common causes we treat at Excel Health include:

Hand or Wrist Arthritis

Arthritis in the hand or wrist involves inflammation of the joints, often due to osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and reduced range of motion, which can affect everyday tasks and overall hand function.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. This condition can cause pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers, particularly affecting the thumb, index, and middle fingers.

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cubital tunnel syndrome is caused by increased pressure on the ulnar nerve as it passes through the cubital tunnel on the inside of the elbow. This nerve compression can lead to symptoms such as pain, numbness, and weakness in the hand and fingers, particularly affecting the ring and little fingers.

Dupuytren’s Syndrome

Dupuytren’s syndrome is a condition where the fascia, a layer of tissue under the skin of the palm, thickens and contracts, causing the fingers to bend toward the palm. This can make straightening the fingers and performing tasks that require a full range of motion difficult.

Dupuytren’s Syndrome

Dupuytren’s syndrome is a condition where the fascia, a layer of tissue under the skin of the palm, thickens and contracts, causing the fingers to bend toward the palm. This can make straightening the fingers and performing tasks that require a full range of motion difficult.

Trigger Finger

Trigger finger occurs when the tendons that bend the fingers become inflamed, causing the finger to lock or catch in a bent position. This condition can lead to pain and difficulty in straightening or bending the affected finger.

Hand or Wrist Sprains

Sprains involve stretching or tearing of the ligaments in the hand or wrist, usually caused by a fall or sudden twist. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and limited movement.

Hand or Wrist Fractures

Fractures, or broken bones, in the hand or wrist can result from trauma such as falls, sports injuries, or accidents. Symptoms include severe pain, swelling, bruising, deformity, and inability to move the affected area.

Diagnosis and Treatment at Excel Health

At Excel Health, our orthopedic specialists use advanced diagnostic techniques, including imaging studies and thorough physical examinations, to accurately diagnose the cause of your hand and wrist pain. We develop personalized treatment plans tailored to your specific condition and needs.

Our treatment options range from non-surgical approaches such as splinting, physical therapy, medications, and injections to surgical interventions when necessary. Our focus is on relieving your pain, restoring function, and helping you return to your daily activities with improved comfort and mobility.

Contact Us

If hand or wrist pain is affecting your life, schedule a consultation with one of our specialists at Excel Health. We are dedicated to providing comprehensive care to help you achieve optimal hand and wrist health and regain your ability to perform everyday tasks pain-free.

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