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Anatomy of the Knee

The knee is a complex joint that supports much of the body’s weight and allows for a wide range of motion. It consists of several critical structures:

  • Bones: The knee joint is formed by the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), and patella (kneecap).
  • Cartilage: The menisci are two C-shaped pieces of cartilage that act as shock absorbers between the femur and tibia.
  • Ligaments: Four main ligaments stabilize the knee: the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), and lateral collateral ligament (LCL).
  • Tendons: Tendons connect the muscles to the bones, allowing for movement.
  • Muscles: Various muscles around the knee provide strength and stability.
  • Bursa: Fluid-filled sacs called bursae reduce friction and allow smooth movement.

Common Causes of Knee Pain

Knee pain can result from various conditions, injuries, and degenerative changes. Some of the common causes we treat at Excel Health include:

Knee Arthritis

Knee arthritis involves inflammation of the knee joint, often due to osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis results from the gradual wear and tear of cartilage, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition affecting the joint lining. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced range of motion, making everyday activities challenging.

ACL Injury

An ACL injury is a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, a key ligament that helps stabilize the knee joint. This injury often occurs during sports involving sudden stops, jumps, or changes in direction. Symptoms include a loud “pop” sound, severe pain, swelling, and instability of the knee.

Meniscus Tear

A meniscus tear involves damage to the cartilage that cushions the knee joint. This injury can result from sudden twisting or turning motions, especially in sports, or from degenerative changes over time. Symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and difficulty moving the knee.

Peroneal Nerve Impingement

Peroneal nerve impingement occurs when the peroneal nerve, which runs along the outer side of the lower leg and controls movement and sensation in the lower leg and foot, becomes compressed. This condition can result from injury, repetitive stress, or prolonged pressure on the nerve.

Diagnosis and Treatment at Excel Health

At Excel Health, our orthopedic specialists use advanced diagnostic techniques, including imaging studies and thorough physical examinations, to accurately identify the cause of your knee pain. We develop personalized treatment plans tailored to your specific condition and needs.

Our treatment options range from non-surgical approaches such as physical therapy, medications, and injections to surgical interventions if necessary. Our aim is to relieve your pain, restore knee function, and help you return to your daily activities with improved comfort and mobility.

Contact Us

If knee pain is affecting your daily life, schedule a consultation with one of our specialists at Excel Health. We are committed to providing comprehensive care to help you achieve optimal knee health and regain your ability to move freely and comfortably.

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