skip to Main Content

Anatomy of the Shoulder

The shoulder is one of the most mobile joints of the human body and is made up of several important bones, cartilages, and tendons:

  • Bones: The shoulder joint is made up of the upper arm bone (humerus), shoulder blade (scapula), and collar bone (clavicle).
  • Cartilage: The labrum is a ring of cartilage around the shoulder socket that gives it stability and helps in cushioning the joint.
  • Muscles and Tendons: The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles with their tendons, allowing the shoulder a wide range of motion and stabilizing it.
  • Ligaments: They are strong, fibrous tissues that connect the bones, giving extra stability.
  • Bursa: Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that reduce friction and allow smooth movement of the shoulder.

Common Causes of Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain can arise from various conditions, including injuries, overuse, and degenerative changes. Some of the common causes we treat at Excel Health include:

Shoulder Arthritis

Shoulder arthritis is the inflammation of the shoulder joint, often resulting from wear and tear (osteoarthritis) or autoimmune conditions (rheumatoid arthritis). Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion, which can significantly affect daily activities.

Labrum Tear

A labrum tear involves a tear in the ring of cartilage surrounding the shoulder socket. This injury can result from acute trauma, repetitive overhead movements, or degenerative changes. Symptoms often include shoulder instability, pain, and a catching or locking sensation during movement.

Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff tear occurs when one or more of the rotator cuff tendons are torn, either due to acute injury or gradual wear and tear. This condition can cause severe pain, weakness, and difficulty lifting or rotating the arm.

Rotator Cuff Impingement

Rotator cuff impingement occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff become compressed or irritated as they pass through the subacromial space in the shoulder. This condition is often caused by repetitive overhead activities, leading to pain, inflammation, and reduced range of motion.

Avascular Necrosis of the Shoulder

Avascular necrosis is a condition where the blood supply to the humeral head (the ball of the shoulder joint) is disrupted, leading to the death of bone tissue. This can result in joint pain, stiffness, and eventual collapse of the bone.

Diagnosis and Treatment at Excel Health

At Excel Health, our orthopedic specialists are highly skilled in diagnosing and treating shoulder pain. We utilize advanced diagnostic tools, including imaging studies and physical examinations, to accurately identify the underlying cause of your pain.

Our treatment approach is tailored to your specific condition and needs, ranging from conservative management (such as physical therapy, medications, and injections) to advanced surgical interventions (such as arthroscopic surgery for labrum or rotator cuff repairs). Our goal is to alleviate your pain, restore shoulder function, and help you return to an active, pain-free life.

Contact Us

If you are experiencing shoulder pain, schedule a consultation with one of our specialists at Excel Health. We are dedicated to providing comprehensive care to help you achieve optimal shoulder health and improve your quality of life.

Back To Top